Extremity CT

An extremity CT scan uses X-rays to take cross-sectional images of bone architecture and tissue in perimeter body structures such as the hand and joints such as the knee. CT imaging is similar to a conventional X-ray, but the images are more detailed and can be combined by a computer to generate 3-D representations that allow our radiologist to view the area of interest from multiple angles.

Reasons for an Extremity CT Scan

Your doctor might order this imaging test to examine different types of tissue or bone structure in a perimeter body part such as your hand. This scan will provide detailed information about the bone and soft tissue in the area of interest and help screen for abnormalities.

This exam can help your doctor:

  • Evaluate pain, swelling, or trauma
  • Identify and localize a known mass
  • Examine complex fractures
  • Diagnose arthritis
  • Scan for a collection of pus (abscess)
  • Monitor scar tissue and healing after surgery

Lower Extremities vs. Upper Extremities

There are two main groups of extremities, upper and lower, classified by their location in the body.

Lower extremities include:

  • Femur
  • Knee
  • Tibia and fibula
  • Foot and ankle

Upper extremities include:

  • Humerus
  • Elbow
  • Forearm
  • Wrist and hand


During an extremity CT, your body position and orientation will depend on whether you are having an upper or lower extremity scanned.

CT upper extremity:
If you are having an upper extremity scanned, you will lie flat on your stomach, with the desired arm extended above your head. You will be moved into the scanner arm-first, only as far as needed to image the desired location (hand, finger, forearm).

CT lower extremity:
If you are having a lower extremity scanned, you will lie on your back and be moved into the scanner feet-first.


An extremity CT scan lasts approximately 30 minutes.

Exam Preparation

Being prepared for your CT scan helps us take the best possible images for diagnosis. Please visit our exam prep page for more instructions specific to extremity ct preparation.

Joint CT Scan at the Meadowlark Diagnostic Imaging Centre
Extremity CT Scans